Washington Watch | September 2013
By Bruce Moyer
The Issues Agenda represents the blueprint for the Federal Bar Association’s government relations and advocacy efforts. It is a prioritized list of legal and public policy issues that are of significant interest and concern to the FBA because of their impact on the federal legal system and their relationship to federal jurisprudence. The FBA Government Relations Committee (GRC) is responsible for oversight and coordination of the Issues Agenda and related FBA advocacy efforts. It designates issues as either active or monitored. Active issues are subject to active and ongoing attention by the FBA. Monitored issues are not subject to active attention but continue to remain monitored in the event of renewed attention. Drafted by the GRC with input from members, chapters, sections, and divisions, the Issues Agenda for 2014 was approved by the FBA Board of Directors
at its June 22 meeting.
ACTIVE LEGISLATIVE ISSUES
Independence of the Federal Judiciary The Federal Bar Association reaffirms the importance of the independence of the judiciary, recognizing that judicial decisions are not immune from scrutiny, but are to be made solely on the basis of the law.
Funding for the Federal Courts
The Federal Bar Association supports adequate funding for the general and continuing operations of the federal courts, including an equitable level of rent and facilities expense consistent with actual costs, budgetary constraints, staffing needs and security considerations, to permit the courts to fulfill their constitutional and statutory responsibilities.
Federal Judgeships and Caseloads
The Federal Bar Association supports the authorization and establishment of additional permanent and temporary federal judgeships, including bankruptcy judgeships, along with support personnel, as proposed by the Judicial Conference of the United States, when rising caseloads in the federal courts threaten the prompt delivery of justice. The Federal Bar Association also supports efforts to educate Congress, the legal profession and the general public about how the overwhelming case loads threaten the ability of the Third Branch of the federal government to function.
Federal Judicial Vacancies
The Federal Bar Association calls upon the President and Congress to act promptly and responsibly in nominating and confirming nominees to the federal appellate and district courts. The Federal Bar Association supports the development of strategies to reduce the time required to fill federal judicial vacancies.
The Federal Bar Association supports the adoption of adequate security measures to protect the federal judiciary, their families and court personnel in and outside the courthouse, while preserving meaningful public access to judicial proceedings.
Federal Judicial Pay
The Federal Bar Association support equitable compensation and regular periodic adjustments for the federal judiciary, as well as senior officials of the Executive Branch and Members of Congress, to promote the recruitment and retention of the highest quality public servants.
Cameras in the Courts
The Federal Bar Association encourages a discussion of the competing considerations vis-a-vis proposed legislation which would authorize federal judges, in their discretion, to permit photographing, electronic recording, broadcasting, and televising of federal court proceedings in appropriate circumstances.
Professionalism of Federal Attorneys
The Federal Bar Association supports and promotes the professionalism and stature of attorneys employed by the federal government.
Compensation for Federal Attorneys
The Federal Bar Association supports enhancements to the compensation packages of federal attorneys, including pay and retirement benefits, to assist in recruitment and retention.
Social Security Disability Appeals Backlog
The Federal Bar Association supports adequate funding and resources for the Social Security Administration to remove the significant backlog of disability benefit appeals awaiting adjudication and to assure the fair and timely administration of justice for all appellants.
Indian Tribal Court Jurisdiction Over Non-Indian Domestic and Family Violence Offenders
The Federal Bar Association supports the restoration of criminal jurisdiction to Indian tribal courts, in accordance with federal, state and tribal law, over non-Indian offenders in cases of domestic and family violence.
Authority of Bankruptcy Judges in “Core Proceedings”
The Federal Bar Association supports amendment of bankruptcy law to expressly allow bankruptcy judges to issue proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law in core proceedings in which they are otherwise barred from entering final judgments under Article III of the United States Constitution.
Commission on Nazi-Confiscated Art Claims
The Federal Bar Association supports the Congressional creation of a commission to address identification and ownership issues related to Nazi-confiscated artworks, pursuant to the Washington Conference Principles on Nazi-Confiscated Art, as signed by the United States and the international community.
Article I Immigration Court
The Federal Bar Association supporst the transfer of responsibilities for the adjudication of immigration claims from the Executive Office of Immigration Review within the Department of Justice to a specialized Article I court, as established by Congress, for the adjudication of claims under the Immigration and Naturalization Act.
MONITORED LEGISLATIVE ISSUES
The Federal Bar Association supports the full funding of courthouse construction proposed by the Judicial Conference of the United States.
Division of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
The Federal Bar Association opposes the division of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, consistent with its capacity to effectively and efficiently render justice.
Continuing Legal Education Funding for the Federal Judiciary
The Federal Bar Association supports the expansion of and enhancement of federal funding for continuing legal education and training programs for the federal judiciary.
Independence of the Department of Justice
The Federal Bar Association reaffirms the importance of the independence of the United States Department of Justice and the evenhanded application of the Constitution and federal laws. The Department should be free from political interference in the evaluation and retention of United States Attorneys and career Department attorneys so as to assure independence and integrity in the pursuit of justice.
Participation of Federal Attorneys in Professional Organizations and Pro Bono Activities
The Federal Bar Association supports the expansion, consistent with applicable conflict of interest laws, of policies encouraging full participation of attorneys employed by the federal government in professional organizations and pro bono legal activities, including approval for use of administrative leave.
Continuing Legal Education and Training for Federal Attorneys
The Federal Bar Association supports enhanced federal funding for participation in continuing legal education and training programs, including paid tuition and administrative leave.
Student Loan Repayment/Deferral Programs for Federal Attorneys
The Federal Bar Association supports the establishment of programs for student loan deferral and repayment assistance for all federal attorneys, including federal law clerks, federal defenders and judge advocates of the Armed Forces, in support of recruitment and retention efforts.
Expansion of Federal Jurisdiction Over State and Local-Prosecuted Crimes \
The Federal Bar Association advocates strict scrutiny of legislation proposing to grant original jurisdiction to federal authorities over crimes traditionally reserved to state and local prosecution.
Criminal Justice Act Panel Attorney Compensation
The Federal Bar Association supports Congressional funding to permit an increase in compensation rates for Criminal Justice Act panel attorneys.
Federal Criminal Sentencing
The Federal Bar Association supports efforts to advance fairness and consistency in federal sentencing, while preserving judicial independence and discretion to deal with the particular circumstances of individual cases.
National Security and Civil Liberties
The Federal Bar Association encourages the discussion of the competing considerations in the nation’s war against terror between the protection of civil liberties and the interests of national security.
Prevention of Epidemics and Civil Liberties
The Federal Bar Association encourages and contributes to a discussion of the competing considerations between governmental restrictions to guard against epidemics and pandemics and the preservation of individual rights, as well as the use of technology to ensure the continuance of participatory governance.
Safety of Administrative Judges
The Federal Bar Association supports the efforts by the Social Security Administration and the Executive Office of Immigration Review to take appropriate steps to ensure the security of their administrative law judges and immigration judges, and all others who participate in its proceedings.
Veteran Disability Claims Adjudication
The Federal Bar Association supports legislative and administrative improvements to the veterans disability claims process in the Department of Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs to assure equitable and expeditious determinations.
Attorney Fee-Based Representation of Veterans
The Federal Bar Association supports proposals to expand the availability of fee-based representation of veterans in the disability claims process and to oppose any efforts to repeal the authority of attorney representation to veterans in the furtherance of such claims.
The Federal Bar Association opposes legislative proposals to eliminate judicial discretion in the imposition of sanctions for frivolous litigation, including proposals to revise Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure by imposing mandatory sanctions and preventing a party from withdrawing challenged pleadings on a voluntary basis within a reasonable time.
Bruce Moyer is government relations counsel for the FBA. © 2013 Bruce Moyer. All rights reserved